Al-Musallh Magazine is specialized in defensive, armament, strategic matters and national security

Pictures of China’s new multirole helicopter

Pictures of China’s new multirole helicopter

A new photo has surfaced that appears to show a new variant of the Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC) Z-8 multirole medium-lift helicopter, according to Scramble Magazine report.The image of…

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Second GlobalEye AEW&C aircraft takes flight

Second GlobalEye AEW&C aircraft takes flight

On 3 January, Saab completed the successful maiden flight of the second GlobalEye multi-mission airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft in Linköping, Sweden. “The first flight of the second…

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U.S. Army buys 50 improved Sentinel radars.

U.S. Army buys 50 improved Sentinel radars.

The U.S. Army has ordered 50 additional AN/MPQ 64A3 Enhanced Sentinel A3 radars, the Pentagon said on Friday. The deal, announced by the U.S. Department of Defense on 28 December,…

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UK unveils new Tempest fighter jet model

UK unveils new Tempest fighter jet model

A model of the UK's planned new fighter jet, the Tempest, has been unveiled at the Farnborough Air Show The UK's Defence Secretary, Gavin Williamson, said the jet could be…

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China has demarcated an "air-defence identification zone" over an area of the East China Sea, covering islands that are also claimed by Japan. China's Defence Ministry said aircraft entering the zone must obey its rules or face "emergency defensive measures". The islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China, are a source of rising tension between the countries. Japan lodged a strong protest over what it said was an "escalation".

"Setting up such airspace unilaterally escalates the situations surrounding Senkaku islands and has danger of leading to an unexpected situation," Japan's Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Taiwan, which also claims the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands, expressed regret at the move and promised that the military would take measure to protect national security.

'No specific target' 

In its statement, the Chinese Defence Ministry said aircraft must report a flight plan, "maintain two-way radio communications", and "respond in a timely and accurate manner" to identification inquiries.
"China's armed forces will adopt defensive emergency measures to respond to aircraft that do not co-operate in the identification or refuse to follow the instructions," said the statement.
It said the zone came into effect from 10:00 local time (02:00GMT) on Saturday.
State news agency Xinhua showed a map on its website covering a wide area of the East China Sea, including regions very close to South Korea and Japan.
Responding to questions about the zone on an official state website, a defence ministry spokesman, Yang Yujun, said China set up the area "with the aim of safeguarding state sovereignty, territorial land and air security, and maintaining flight order". 
"It is not directed against any specific country or target," he said, adding that China "has always respected the freedom of over-flight in accordance with international law".

"Normal flights by international airliners in the East China Sea Air Defence Identification Zone will not be affected in any way." The islands have been a source of tension between China and Japan for decades. In 2012, the Japanese government bought three of the islands from their Japanese owner, sparking mass protests in Chinese cities.
Since then, Chinese ships have repeatedly sailed in and out of what Japan says are its territorial waters. In September this year, Japan said it would shoot down unmanned aircraft in Japanese airspace after an unmanned Chinese drone flew close to the disputed islands. China said that any attempt by Japan to shoot down Chinese aircraft would constitute "an act of war". Last month Japan's defence minister, Itsunori Onodera, said China's behaviour over the disputed East China Sea islands was jeopardising peace. BBC World Service East Asia editor Charles Scanlon says the confrontation over the small chain of uninhabited islands is made more intractable by conflicting claims for potentially rich energy resources on the sea bed. But the issue has now become a nationalist touchstone in both countries, making it hard for either side to be seen to back down, he says.

Air-defence identification zones

  • Zones do not necessarily overlap with airspace, sovereign territory or territorial claims
  • States define zones, and stipulate rules that aircraft must obey; legal basis is unclear
  • During WW2, US established an air perimeter and now maintains four separate zones -Guam, Hawaii, Alaska, and a contiguous mainland zone
  • UK, Norway, Japan and Canada also maintain zones
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